Head of Alexander, found near the Erechtheion of the Athens Acropolis in 1886. Thought to be an original work of the sculptor Leochares, made around 330 BC. Acropolis Museum, Athens.
Head of Alexander the Great, from Cyme (Namurt),Turkey. Marble.Hellenistic,late 3rd century BC.Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
Marble head of Alexander From Pergamon,Turkey.First half of 2nd century BC.Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
The Gonzaga Cameo
3rd century BC
Alexandria; h 15.7 cm
This cameo, a rare example of the large ‘dynastic’ stones of the Hellenistic age, was created in the 3rd century BC in Alexandria. The rulers of Egypt, King Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his wife Arsinoe, are portrayed as gods from the Greek pantheon. Basing himself on an image formed under the influence of the personality of Alexander of Macedonia, an unknown master engraver created an idealized portrait of the king as hero, and emphasized the unity of the royal couple in this profile portrait. Their heads are crowned with laurel wreaths. The king’s attire is part realistic and part symbolic: the helmet is decorated with a star and a winged dragon; Zeus’s aigidos, attribute of the most significant deity of Hellas, is thrown over the king’s armour. The pathetic heads of Medusa and Phobos, genius of Horror, intensify the fantastic nature of the king’s dress. The qualities of the agate, in three layers, enabled the engraver to create a unique example of spectacular ‘painting in stone’, in which delicate colour transition and contrast seem to be inherent in the material itself.
Source : The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Imperial, ca. A.D. 120–160 A.D.,Roman, Marble, H. from base: 19 in. (48.2 cm.),Stone Sculpture
Zeus Ammon’s sanctuary at the Oasis of Siwa in the Libyan desert was already famous when Alexander the Great made his pilgrimage there in 331 B.C. Alexander’s visit to Siwa was a pivotal moment in the young king’s extraordinary life. The details are shrouded in mystery, but legend has it that the Oracle proclaimed him son of Zeus Ammon and answered Alexander’s questions favorably, “to his heart’s desire.”This powerful portrait of the god combines a classical Greek image of the bearded Zeus with the ram’s horns of the Egyptian Ammon, an attribute with which Alexander himself was sometimes represented. It may well reflect a sculpture created in Egypt in the years after Alexander’s historic visit to Siwa.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Statue of Alexander, Greek, 200 – 100 B.C, Marble
Ancient authors record that Alexander the Great was so pleased with portraits of himself created by Lysippos that he decreed no other sculptor would make his image. Although this statement is probably exaggerated, Lysippos did make some of the most powerful and lasting images of Alexander. It also shows Alexander understood the propagandistic importance of his image and the need to control it.
Lysippos’s statue “Alexander with a Lance,” made in the 320s B.C., portrayed Alexander armed and naked, echoing the great heroes of Greek mythology like Achilles with whom he identified. He stood with his weight on one leg, one arm extended and holding a spear, the other hanging down at his side. This broken statuette, carved in the 100s B.C., is a small-scale variant of that original. One of numerous surviving posthumous images of Alexander made well into the Roman period, this statuette may have been a private devotional image related to the worship of Alexander as a god. Its owners certainly valued it, since the statuette was repaired and reworked in antiquity.
Source : The J. Paul Getty Museum